Anaphylaxis Management Policy
Anaphylaxis is a severe, rapidly progressive allergic reaction that is potentially life threatening. The most common allergens in school aged children are peanuts, eggs, tree nuts (e.g. cashews), cowís milk, fish and shellfish, wheat, soy, sesame, latex, certain insect stings and medication.
The key to prevention of anaphylaxis in schools is knowledge of those students who have been diagnosed at risk, awareness of triggers (allergens), and prevention of exposure to these triggers. Partnerships between schools and parents are important in ensuring that certain foods or items are kept away from the student while at school.
Adrenaline given through an EpiPenģ autoinjector to the muscle of the outer mid thigh is the most effective first aid treatment for anaphylaxis.
- To provide, as far as practicable, a safe and supportive environment in which students at risk of anaphylaxis can participate equally in all aspects of the studentís schooling.
- To raise awareness about anaphylaxis and the schoolís anaphylaxis management policy in the school community.
- To engage with parents/carers of students at risk of anaphylaxis in assessing risks, developing risk minimisation strategies and management strategies for the student.
- To ensure that each staff member has adequate knowledge about allergies, anaphylaxis and the schoolís policy and procedures in responding to an anaphylactic reaction.
INDIVIDUAL ANAPHYLAXIS MANAGEMENT PLANS
The principal/assistant principal will ensure that an individual management plan is developed, in consultation with the studentís parents, for any student who has been diagnosed by a medical practitioner as being at risk of anaphylaxis.
The individual anaphylaxis management plan will be in place as soon as practicable after the student enrols, and where possible before their first day of school.
The individual anaphylaxis management plan will set out the following:
- Information about the diagnosis, including the type of allergy or allergies the student has (based on a diagnosis from a medical practitioner).
- Strategies to minimise the risk of exposure to allergens while the student is under the care or supervision of school staff, for in-school and out of school settings including camps and excursions.
The teacher appointed as the wellbeing co-ordinator will be responsible for implementing the strategies:
- Information on where the studentís medication will be stored.
- The studentís emergency contact details.
An emergency procedures plan (ASCIA Action Plan), provided by the parent, that:
- sets out the emergency procedures to be taken in the event of an allergic reaction; and
- where applicable signed by a medical practitioner; and
- includes an up to date photograph of the student.
It is the responsibility of the parent to:
- provide the emergency procedures plan (ASCIA Action Plan)
- inform the school if their childís medical condition changes, and if relevant provide an updated emergency procedures plan (ASCIA Action Plan)
- provide an up to date photo for the emergency procedures plan (ASCIA Action Plan) when the plan is reviewed.
The principal/assistant principal will be responsible for ensuring that a communication plan is developed to provide information to all staff, students and parents about anaphylaxis and the schoolís anaphylaxis management policy.
The communication plan will include information about what steps will be taken to respond to an anaphylactic reaction by a student in a classroom, in the school yard, on school excursions, on school camps and special event days.
Volunteers and casual relief staff of students at risk of anaphylaxis will be informed students at risk of anaphylaxis and their role in responding to an anaphylactic reaction by the schoolís wellbeing coordinator.
All staff will be briefed once each semester by a staff member who has up to date anaphylaxis management training on:
- the schoolís anaphylaxis management policy
- the causes, symptoms and treatment of anaphylaxis
- the identities of students diagnosed at risk of anaphylaxis and where their medication is located
- how to use an autoadrenaline injecting device (epi-pen)
- the schoolís first aid and emergency response procedures
STAFF TRAINING AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Teachers and other school staff who conduct classes which students at risk of anaphylaxis attend, or give instruction to students at risk of anaphylaxis must have up to date training in an anaphylaxis management training course.
At other times while the student is under the care or supervision of the school, including excursions, yard duty, camps and special event days, the principal must ensure that there is a sufficient number of staff present who have up to date training in an anaphylaxis management training course.
The principal/assistant principal will identify the school staff to be trained based on a risk assessment1.
Training will be provided to these staff as soon as practicable after the student enrols.
Wherever possible, training will take place before the studentís first day at school. Where this is not possible, an interim plan will be developed in consultation with the parents.
The schoolís first aid procedures and studentís emergency procedures plan (Action Plan) will be followed in responding to an anaphylactic reaction.
The studentís individual management plan will be reviewed, in consultation with the studentís parents/ carers:
- annually, and as applicable,
- if the studentís condition changes, or
- immediately after a student has an anaphylactic reaction at school.